As businesses evolve toward digital transformation and become increasingly dependent on technology for operations, cybersecurity has become ever more crucial. Protecting against cyber threats means not only implementing strong security measures but also keeping up with applicable regulations and compliance requirements – in this blog post we provide an overview of Ghanaian cybersecurity regulations and requirements that businesses operating there should take note of.

Cybersecurity Regulations in Ghana

Ghana recognizes the significance of cybersecurity and has implemented laws and regulations designed to combat cyber threats. Of particular note is Ghana’s Data Protection Act 2012 (Act 843) which seeks to regulate collection, use, disclosure and processing of personal data.

The Data Protection Act mandates that businesses in Ghana that collect and process personal information must obtain consent from the individuals whose data are being gathered and then take steps to secure it against unauthorized access, disclosure, or use. Furthermore, businesses are obliged to report any data breaches to the National Data Protection Commission immediately.

Recent legislation called the Cybersecurity Act 2020 (Act 1038) also provides legal authority to address prevention, detection, response, and management of cyber threats. Under this legislation is established the Cybersecurity Authority as a regulatory body responsible for upholding compliance with this new law.

Compliance Requirements for Businesses

Businesses operating in Ghana must abide by both the Data Protection Act and Cybersecurity Act in order to stay protected against potential cyber threats. Compliance requires businesses to:

  1. Before collecting and processing personal data, obtain consent from individuals first before collecting, using or disclosing it.
  2. Implement appropriate security measures against unauthorised access, disclosure or use.
  3. Report any data breaches to the National Data Protection Commission within 72 hours.
  4. Conduct regular risk analyses to identify vulnerabilities and implement an action plan for responding to them.
  5. It is also a good idea to develop a cybersecurity policy with procedures for handling cyber attacks or incidents.

Failing to comply with these regulations can have serious financial and reputational repercussions for businesses in Ghana, which makes it essential that those operating here take steps toward complying with cybersecurity regulations.


Compliance requirements and cybersecurity regulations in Ghana are critical components of business operations. The Data Protection Act and Cybersecurity Act establish a legal basis for protecting personal data and combatting cyber threats. Businesses operating within Ghana must implement appropriate security measures, conduct regular risk analyses, and have an incident response plan in place in order to remain compliant with relevant regulations. By adhering to these guidelines, businesses can protect themselves from cyber attacks while remaining compliant.